Fair Isle Kids page Fair Isle Primary School -- Kids Page

 

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MEDIEVAL TIMES

Scottish Castle

Links to Medieval Websites we can use:

1. Life in Medieval Scotland -- Click Here

2. Kings and Queens of Scotland -- Click here

3. Kids History -- The Feudal System -- Click here

4.. The Vikings for Kids -- Click here

 

TIMELINE -- THE MIDDLE AGES -- OUR STARTING POINT

  • 800 - Charlemagne, King of the Franks, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne united much of Western Europe and is considered the father of both the French and the German Monarchies.
  • 835 - Vikings from the Scandinavian lands (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) begin to invade northern Europe. They would continue until 1042.
  • 896 - Alfred the Great, King of England, turns back the Viking invaders.
  • 1066 - William of Normandy, a French Duke, conquers England in the Battle of Hastings. He became King of England and changed the country forever.
  • 1096 - Start of the First Crusade. The Crusades were wars between the Holy Roman Empire and the Muslims over the Holy Land. There would be several Crusades over the next 200 years.
  • 1189 - Richard I, Richard the Lionheart, becomes King of England.
  • 1206 - The Mongol Empire is founded by Genghis Khan.
  • 1215 - King John of England signs the Magna Carta. This document gave the people some rights and said the king was not above the law.
  • 1271 - Marco Polo leaves on his famous journey to explore Asia.
  • 1337 - The Hundred Years War begins between England and France for control of the French throne.
  • 1347 - The Black Death begins in Europe. This horrible disease would kill around half of the people in Europe.
  • 1431 - French heroine Joan of Arc is executed by England at the age of 19.
  • 1444 - German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press. This will signal the start of the Renaissance.
  • 1453 – The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople. This signals the end of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as Byzantium.
  • 1482 - Leonardo Da Vinci paints "The Last Supper"

 

TIMELINE -- SCOTLAND -- THE MIDDLE AGES

800 800 - 900s The Scandinavian Vikings raid Scotland
1005 King Malcolm II rules Scotland and defeats the Vikings at the battle of Mortlach
1034 1034 - 1040 King Duncan I becomes the Scottish King
1040 Macbeth kills Duncan to become King of Scotland 1040 - 1057
1040 Macbeth kills Duncan to become King of Scotland 1040 - 1057
1272 William Wallace born
1274 Robert the Bruce was born
1292 An English Baron called John Balliol was crowned King of Scotland at Scone
1297 Scottish war of Independence led by the rebel William Wallace
1298 Scots Defeated by Edward I of England ( Longshanks) at the Battle of Falkirk
1305 William Wallace executed in London
1306 Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scotland
1314 Battle of Bannockburn: Robert the Bruce defeats the English and gains Scottish independence
1371 Robert II the first Stewart King takes the Scottish throne

 

 

TIMELINE -- THE VIKINGS

844
The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages raid Seville in Spain
845 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages, led by Ragnor, travel up the River Seine in France
845 The French King pays a ransom to prevent the sacking of Paris
860 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages attack Constantinople
862 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Agesfound Novgorod in Russia
874 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages settle Iceland
900 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages raid the Mediterranean coasts
911 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages under Rollo are settled in Normandy
981 Erik the Red discovers Greenland
986 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages land in Canada
1000 Greenland and Iceland are converted to Christianity by the Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages
1001 Leif Eriksson reaches the American coast
1035 King Canute dies and the heir to Denmark and England is Hardacnut
1042 Hardacnut dies suddenly and Edward the Confessor regains the throne of England
1050 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages found the city of Oslo in Norway which is established as a major trade center.

 

 

Middle Ages Invention Timeline

1023: First paper money printed in China.

1045: Movable type printing by Bi Sheng in China

Circa 1050: Crossbow invented in France.

1182: Magnetic compass invented.

Circa 1200: Clothing buttons invented.

1202: The Hindu-Arabic numbering system introduced to the west by Italian mathematician, Fibonacci.

1249: Rodger Bacon invented his gunpowder formula.

Circa 1250: Gun invented in China.

Circa 1268 - 1289: Invention of eyeglasses.

Circa 1280: Mechanical clocks invented.

Circa 1285 - 1290: Windmills invented.

1295: Modern glassmaking begins in Italy.

1328: First sawmill.

1326: First mention of a handgun.

1366: Scales for weighing invented.

1400: First golf balls invented.

1400: The first piano called the Spinet invented.

1411: Trigger invented.

1420: Oil painting invented.

1421: In Florence, hoisting gear invented.

1450: Nicholas of Cusa creates spectacles of polished lenses for nearsighted persons.

1455: Johannes Gutenberg invents printing press with metal movable type.

1465: In Germany, drypoint engravings invented.

1475: Muzzle-loaded rifles invented in Italy and Germany.

1486: In Venice, the first known copyright granted.

1485: Leonardo DaVinci designed the first parachute.

1487: Bell chimes invented.

1492: Leonardo da Vinci first to seriously theorize about flying machines.

1492: Martin Behaim invented the first map globe.

1494: Whiskey invented in Scotland.

 

SOCIAL HISTORY TIMELINE 1300 - 1500

1315-1317

A series of hard winters, floods and famine strikes across northern Europe

1323-1328

Widespread peasant revolts in Flanders

1333

Harvest failure and famine in Catalonia

1347

Black Death arrives in Sicily

1348-1349

Black Death all across Europe

1350-1351

Black Death abates on the Continent but spreads to Scandinavia and Russia

1358

The Jacquerie in France

1361

Plague, sometimes called the Children's Plague

1362

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1363

Plague in the Netherlands

1364

Plague in the Netherlands

1368

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1369

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1371

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1372

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1373

Plague in Italy

1374

Plague in Italy

1373

Plague in England

1378

Ciompi Revolt in Florence

1379

Revolt in Ghent

1381

Peasants' Rebellion in England

1382

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

The Harelle in Rouen (urban rebellion)

The maillotins revolt in Paris

1383

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1384

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1390

Plague in England

1391

Plague in England

1400

Plague in Italy, England and the Netherlands

1401

Plague in the Netherlands

1405

Plague in England

1406

Plague in England

1409

Plague in the Netherlands

1410

Plague in Gascony

1411

Plague in England and Gascony

1412

Plague in England

1414

Plague in England and Gascony

1420

Plague in the Netherlands

1421

Plague in the Netherlands

1422

Plague in Italy

1423

Plague in Italy and England

1424

Plague in Italy

1425

Plague in Italy

1427

Plague in Germany

1428

Plague in England

1429

Plague in England

1433

Plague in England

1434

Plague in England

1435

Plague in England

1436

Plague in Italy. Earthquake in Naples kills 30,000.

1437

Plague in Italy

1438

Plague in Italy, England and the Netherlands

1439

Plague in Italy, England and the Netherlands

1447

Plague in Italy

1448

Plague in Italy

1449

Plague in Italy

1450

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1451

Plague in Italy and the Netherlands

1452

Plague in the Netherlands

1453

Plague in the Netherlands

1454

Plague in the Netherlands

1455

Plague in the Netherlands

1456

Plague in the Netherlands

1457

Plague in the Netherlands

1458

Plague in the Netherlands

1459

Plague in the Netherlands

1463

Plague in England

1464

Plague in England

1465

Plague in England

1466

Plague in France and the Netherlands

1467

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1468

Plague in the Netherlands

1469

Plague in the Netherlands

1470

Plague in the Netherlands

1471

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1472

Plague in the Netherlands

1477

Plague in Naples

1478

Plague in Naples

1479

Plague in England and Italy

1480

Plague in England

1481

Plague in the Netherlands

1482

Plague in the Netherlands

1485

Plague in Naples

1486

Plague in Naples

1487

Plague in Naples and the Netherlands

1488

Plague in the Netherlands

1489

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1490

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1492

Plague in England and the Netherlands

1493

Plague in England, Naples, and the Netherlands

1494

Plague in England and the Netherlands

 

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Knight on Horse

Knight 2